Eczema Treatment
Eczema Treatment
Eczema Treatment

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition common in children but can affect a person of any age. It causes dry and itchy skin and is a chronic disorder. While eczema is not contagious, it can trouble the person a lot and even result in other health complications like asthma. 

Eczema appears anywhere on the body, resulting in dry skin, itchiness, rashes, swelling, tiny brown or black bumps, crusting, skin thickening, and oozing if it gets severe. The condition may subside or flare over the years, depending on the seasons and your immune strength. A weak skin barrier and genetic conditions can lead to eczema.

A correct diagnosis is vital to treating atopic dermatitis. It can be done by consulting our expert dermatologist and getting a patch test done on the affected area. Self-diagnosis can be dangerous.

Eczema Treatment Methods

The expert dermatologist at our advanced clinic, Mehektagul Clinic, will prescribe a treatment procedure based on the severity of the condition. In many cases, the treatment begins with a skincare routine and moves on to topical application and oral medication. A combination of treatments may also be recommended. 

  • Topical Medication 

Medicated topical creams containing a corticosteroid or calcineurin inhibitor may be prescribed. The creams have to be applied directly to the affected area before using the moisturizer. Follow the instructions carefully, as overuse of corticosteroids can result in thinning of the skin. 

  • Oral Medication 

In severe conditions, oral medication for inflammation may be necessary to control the swelling and pain. Pills with meth-otre-xate, cyc-los-po-rine, my-co-phen-ol-ate, pre-dni-so-ne, and aza-thio-prine are often prescribed for the short term. These medicines should not be taken for a longer period of time.

  • Light Therapy 

Light therapy is recommended when the condition flares up multiple times and doesn’t respond to other treatments. Phototherapy is when the affected area is exposed to artificial UVA and UVB light. While the treatment is effective, prolonged sessions can cause premature skin aging and even result in skin cancer. 

  • Wet Dressing 

Wet dressing is another treatment for severe eczema. A topical ointment is applied, and the area is wrapped in wet gauze topped with a layer of dry gauze. This allows the medication to seep into the skin while retaining moisture to prevent dryness. However, this treatment is labor-intensive and has to be performed by trained nurses. 

  • Biologic Injections 

Injectable biologics like tralokinumab (Adbry) are prescribed for people with moderate-to-severe eczema if they don’t respond to other treatments. Dupilumab and tralokinumab are safe to use, though the former should be injected only for kids aged over 6.

Lifestyle and Home Care

Medical treatments are just one part of the process. Making lifestyle changes and following a skincare routine are vital to controlling eczema. Some of the tips suggested by our expert skin specialist include:

  • Anti-Itching Cream 

1% hydrocortisone cream can be purchased without a prescription and applied once or twice a day. Don’t overdo it. 

  • Warm Bath

Regular warm baths will soothe the skin and stop the dry areas from itching. Don’t use hot water, as it can aggravate itching. Apply a moisturizer after the bath to prevent dryness. 

  • Moisturizer 

Use a moisturizer twice a day or more. Make sure to clean the affected area with plain water and pat it dry before applying a cream or moisturizer, and choose the ones without alcohol or fragrances. 

  • Medicated Shampoo 

Dandruff is also a type of atopic dermatitis. Use medicated shampoos with selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, etc., to control dandruff on the scalp. 

  • Stress Management 

Excess stress can activate dormant eczema and cause repeated flare-ups. Working on your mental and emotional health can positively impact your skin health. 

  • Skin Management 

Use moisturizers and sunscreens without fail. Don’t go out in the sun without sun protection. Wear loose-fitted clothes that don’t cause irritation. Trim your nails or wear gloves to avoid scratching the itches. 

  • Dietary Precautions 

Stay away from foods that aggravate itching. Over time, you will notice which foods don’t suit your skin. Additional supplements like vitamin D and probiotics may help soothe eczema and help develop immunity. 

Baby Eczema Treatment and Care

Atopic dermatitis also affects babies, especially infants. About 10% to 20% of babies can have this condition. In many cases, it will disappear as the kids get older than 5. The face and scalp are common areas to be affected in babies, though in severe conditions, the elbows and knees may also show symptoms of eczema. You can take your child to a pediatrician or a dermatologist and follow the instructions without fail. 

To get rid of eczema and to lead a healthy and happy life, book an appointment at Mehektagul Dermaclinic for specialized eczema treatments. Get a consultation with our senior dermatologist for a thorough examination followed by an effective treatment plan. 

PATIENT'S WORDS FOR US

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Dr Gulhima is not just an expert at identifying patient’s issues but she offers advice like a caring elder. I visited her after a sorry experience at another clinic on a friend’s recomm

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Loving the glow my skins having post the suggested skincare. Also had the best treatment for an infected cyst that had to be operated upon🙌🏻

Aryan Sud
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Dr Gulhima has been a great help for the past 3 years when it comes to my face. She prescribes minimalistic skincare and easy to do. I have seen huge improvements with my adult acne, as well as an

Rushmeet Kour
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